Live-in Elder Caregiver Program: Wages, Working Conditions

by John Philip Green

When working for a specific employer, a live-in elder caregiver cannot:

  • work under any conditions other than those set out on the work agreement;
  • care for individuals not designated on the application.

The employer must meet and adjust the elder live-in caregiver's wage to ensure it meets or exceeds, the minimum wage set out by the province.

The wage tables are outlined below. 

Alberta

  

Minimum Wage

$9.75 per hour

Maximum Hours

48 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 time employee’s regular wage

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 1 day/week
  • 2 consecutive days for every 2-week period

Meal breaks: one 30-minute break if work shift exceeds 5 hours

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

  • $3.20/meal
  • $4.22/day for lodging

 

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 weeks/year or
  • 3 weeks/year after 5 consecutive years of employment

Vacation pay:4% of wages/year, or 6% of wages after 5 consecutive years of employment

For more information, visit

Province of Alberta Employment Standards Code 

British Columbia

  

Minimum Wage

$10.25 per hour

Maximum Hours

40 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 8 hours/day, or
  • After 40 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage, or 2 times employee’s regular wage (after 12 hours of work in a day)

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 8 consecutive hours between each shift except in case of an emergency1, or

Meal breaks: one 30-minute break if work shift exceeds 5 hours

 

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

No more than $325/month for room and board

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 weeks/year or
  • 3 weeks/year after 5 consecutive years of employment  

Vacation pay: 4% of wages/year, or

6% of wages after 5 consecutive years of employment

For more information, visit

Province of British Columbia Employment Standards Act 

Manitoba

  

Minimum Wage

$10.25 per hour

Maximum Hours 

8 hours per day or 40 hours per week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime

  • After 8 hours/day, or
  • After 40 hours/week
  • overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 36 consecutive hours/week

If the employee works during a rest period, the employer must either:

  • increase one of the employee’s weekly rest period in the following 8 weeks (equivalent to the number of hours worked), or
  • pay the employee at the overtime rate

Meal breaks: one 30-minute break if work shift exceeds 5 hours

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

In situations where an employee has no options for obtaining meals or lodging other than what is furnished by the employer, the deductions from the minimum wage cannot exceed: $1/meal and $7/week for lodging provided

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave: 2 weeks/year, or

  • 3 weeks/year after 5 consecutive years of employment

Vacation pay:

  • 4% of wages/year, or
  • 6% of wages after 5 consecutive years of employment  

 

For more information, visit

Province of Manitoba Employment Standards 

New Brunswick

  

Minimum Wage

$10.00 per hour

Maximum Hours

48 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 8 consecutive hours/day except in case of an emergency1, or
  • 24 hours/week

Meal breaks: one 60-minute break (employer and employee may contract out of this requirement)

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

In situations where board and/or lodging are furnished by the employer, the deductions from the minimum wage cannot exceed:

  • $68.20/week for board and lodging, or
  • $55.55/week for board, or
  • $15.45/week for lodging, or
  • $3.65/meal

Employers cannot charge for a meal that the employee did not receive.

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • the greater of one day/month worked, or
  • 2 weeks/year

Vacation pay: 4% of gross earnings

For more information, visit

Province of New Brunswick Employment Standards

Newfoundland and Labrador

  

Minimum Wage

$10.00

Maximum Hours

16 hours/day

 

Paid Overtime 

  • After 40 hours/week

Overtime rate: $15/hour

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 8 consecutive hours/day (unless otherwise stipulated in the employment contract), or
  • 24 hours/week

Meal breaks:

one 60-minute break if work shift exceeds 5 hours (unless otherwise stipulated in the employment contract)

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

In situations where board and/or lodging are furnished by the employer, the deductions from the minimum wage cannot exceed:

  • $68.20/week for board and lodging, or
  • $55.55/week for board, or
  • $15.45/week for lodging, or
  • $3.65/meals

Employers cannot charge for a meal that the employee did not receive.

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 weeks/year, or
  • 3 weeks/year after 5 consecutive years of employment

Vacation pay:

  • 4% of wages/year, or
  • 6% of wages after 5 consecutive years of employment

For more information, visit

Province of Newfoundland and Labrador Employment Standards

Nova Scotia

  

Minimum Wage 

$10.15 per hour

Maximum Hours

48 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 24 consecutive hours/7-day period

Meal breaks:

  • one 30-minute break if work shift exceeds 5 hours, or
  • one additional 30-minute break if work shift exceeds 10 hours

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

In situations where board and/or lodging are furnished by the employer, the deductions from the minimum wage cannot exceed:

  • $68.20/week for board and lodging, or
  • $55.55/week for board, or
  • $15.45/week for lodging, or
  • $3.65/meal

Employers cannot charge for a meal that the employee did not receive.

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 weeks/year, or
  • 3 weeks/year after 8 years of employment

Vacation pay:4% of wages/year, or 6% of wages after 8 years of employment 

For more information, visit

Province of Nova Scotia Labour Standards Code 

Ontario

  

Minimum Wage 

$10.25 per hour

Maximum Hours

48 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage

Minimum Rest Periods 

Daily rest period:

  • 11 hours, or
  • 8 hours between shifts unless:
    • successive shifts total no more than 13 hours, or
    • otherwise stipulated in the employment contract

Weekly rest period:

  • 24 consecutive hours, or
  • 48 consecutive hours/2 consecutive work weeks
  •  

Meal breaks:

  • 30 minutes if work shift exceeds 5 hours (break may be split in 2)

Minimum rest periods and limits on hours of work do not apply in specified emergency 1 situations.

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

Deductions from the minimum wage cannot exceed:

  • $31.70/week for a private room, or
  • $53.55/week for meals, or
  • $2.55/meal, or
  • $85.25/week for a private room and board

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 weeks/year

Vacation pay: 4% of wages/year

For more information, visit

Province of Ontario Ministry of Labour, Employment Standards 

Prince Edward Island

  

Minimum Wage 

$10.00 per hour

Maximum Hours

48 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 24 consecutive hours/7-day period

Meal breaks: one 30-minute break if work shift exceeds 5 hours

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

In situations where board and/or lodging are furnished by the employer, the deductions from the minimum wage cannot exceed:

  • $68.20/week for board and lodging, or
  • $55.55/week for board, or
  • $15.45/week for lodging, or
  • $3.65/meal

Employers cannot charge for a meal that the employee did not receive.

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 weeks/year, or
  • 3 weeks/year after 8 consecutive years of employment

Vacation pay: 4% of wages/year, or 6% after 8 consecutive years of employment

For more information, visit

Province Prince Edward Island Department of Community Services, Seniors and Labour 

Quebec

  

Minimum Wage 

$9.90 per hour 

Maximum Hours

40 hours/week 

Paid Overtime 

  • After 40 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage 

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 32 consecutive hours/week (subject to the provisions on the staggering of working hours on a basis other than a weekly basis)

Meal breaks:one 30-minute break if work shift exceeds 5 hours

  • must be paid if the employee is not authorized to leave the work location during the meal break

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

Deductions are not allowed for room and board

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 1 day/month (up to 2 weeks) for an employee with less than 1 year of employment, or
  • 2 weeks/year, or
  • 3 weeks/year after 5 consecutive years of employment

An additional week of unpaid vacation leave can be taken by an employee entitled to less than 3 weeks of vacation.

Vacation pay: 4% of wages/year, or 6% after 5 consecutive years of employment

For more information, visit

Province of Quebec Commission des normes du travail 

Saskatchewan

  

Minimum Wage 

$9.50 per hour

Maximum Hours

44 hours per week

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage

The employee has the right to refuse to work after 44 hours/week (except in case of an emergency1 ).

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 8 consecutive hours/day except in case of an emergency 1, or
  • 2 consecutive days/7-day period

Meal breaks: one 30-minute break for every 5 consecutive hours of work if work shift exceeds 6 hours/day.

  • must be paid if the employee is required or permitted to work or to be at the disposal of the employer during a meal break

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

$250.00/month for room and board

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 3 weeks/year, or
  • 4 weeks/year after 10 years of employment

Vacation pay:

  • 3/52 of wages/year, or
  • 4/52 of wages after 10 years of employment

For more information, visit

Province of Saskatchewan Labour Standards 

Northwest Territories

  

Minimum Wage 

$10.00 per hour

Maximum Hours

48 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week
  • Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage 

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 8 hours/day except in case of an emergency1, or
  • 24 hours/week

Meal breaks: one 60-minute break if shift exceeds 5 hours (unless otherwise stipulated in the employment contract)

 

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

$420 per month

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 consecutive weeks/year

Vacation pay: 4% of gross earnings/year

For more information, visit

Northwest Territories Employment Standards Act 

Nunavut

  

Minimum Wage 

$11.30 per hour

Maximum Hours

48 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 8 hours/day except in case of an emergency1, or
  • 24 hours/week

Meal breaks: One 60-minute break if shift exceeds 5 hours (unless otherwise stipulated in the employment contract)

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

$420 per month

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 weeks/year

Vacation pay: 4% of gross earnings/year

For more information, visit

Nunavut Consolidation of Labour Standards Act 

Yukon

  

Minimum Wage 

$10.30 per hour

Maximum Hours

48 hours/week (or more if there is an employer/employee agreement indicating that the employee will work a specified number of hours in excess of the daily limit)

Paid Overtime 

  • After 44 hours/week

Overtime rate: 1.5 times employee’s regular wage

Minimum Rest Periods 

  • 8 hours/day except in case of an emergency1, or
  • 24 hours/week

Meal breaks: One 60-minute break if shift exceeds 5 hours (unless otherwise stipulated in the employment contract)

Maximum Deductions Room and Board

If supplied by or on behalf of the employer and there is an employment contract signed by the employee, providing for the deduction or payment, the maximum deduction for a minimum wage employee is $5/day for board or living quarters or both.

An employee who is paid more than minimum wage may be charged an amount that exceeds $5 per day provided the charge does not result in the employee getting paid less than the minimum wage, minus $5.

Vacation Leave and

Pay Requirements

Vacation leave:

  • 2 weeks/year

Vacation pay: 4% of wages/year

For more information, visit

Yukon Employment Standards Act? 


Caregiver Payroll and Tax Service powered by Heartpayroll